" KOSY HOME'S" Dolls House Lights The cheapest dolls houses on the web
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|Lighting.||The first thing to point out is that fitting working lights into your dolls house is easier than most people think. Lighting will add warmth and feeling to your dolls house and give it a more realistic look.|
|The first thing to decide is what type of system you are going to use. The two most common systems are:|
|Whilst there may be specific reasons where one would be used in preference to the other, we at Dolls House Parade will almost always recommend the use of the "twin wire" method. Furthermore, when we install lighting for our customers we always use this method. Because of this we feel more qualified to base this feature on the "twin wire" method rather than "copper tape".||
Why do we recommend the "twin wire" method over the "copper tape"?
Easier to install
Less to go wrong
|Twin Wire How It Works||The transformer plugs into the mains and the wires from this are attached to the power strip, which is normally attached to the back of the house. Most lights come with 24 inches (60cm) of wire with a plug on the end, which fits as standard into this system. Simply plug your light in to the power strip sockets (a standard power strip will have 12). So that you are able to test your lights you will need a transformer and power strip to get started, but other than that you need only buy a single light (or as many lights as you want)|
|Preparations for Lighting||
Firstly you must decide upon the location of your lights and the routes the wires (on your lights) will take. Ideally, preparations should be made before other tasks such as wallpapering and flooring are undertaken. This will avoid causing damage to your decorations through installing the lighting later.
Once these planning decisions have been made you are ready to go and buy some or all of your equipment. Because of the individual nature of "twin wire" the only necessary items required for you to begin are the transformer and power strip and presumably at least one light.
Now you must create the paths for your wiring.
|It is much easier if this work (drilling holes and scoring grooves) can be done before the house is assembled. If you perform a dry run build it is quite easy to map out where the lights will go which will then enable you to drill and groove before assembling your house.|
If, for example you are fitting a ceiling light then you must decide on where you want to position it.
For a ceiling light you must now drill two holes - one through the ceiling above where you want to hang the light and the second out through the back wall of the house where you want the wire to exit. This will obviously be dependant on the route, which you have chosen for your wires to run.
The holes should be drilled using a drill bit with a slightly greater diameter than the wire - remember the smaller the holes the neater the job.
Wall lights are best positioned on the rear wall of the house. This will save the need to groove walls etc. With a wall light you will only need to drill one hole (the exit hole). This (unlike all the other wiring jobs) is best done after the wallpaper has been hung. Where wires are to run across a floor the neatest possible job will be achieved by laying the wire in a groove This groove can usually be created by simply cutting a V-shape in the floor with a sharp chisel or knife. Always ensure that the groove is smooth - to avoid sharp edges damaging the wires.
However, if you are doing the work on a previously constructed house you must make the best use of the tools and space available
Again with the exit hole at the rear, the closer to the floor you drill the hole the neater the job will be, i.e. use the floor as the exit route by angling the drill see diagram.
Obviously with a table lamp the wire will trail from the lamp as it is designed to do with this type of light. We recommend that the wire is trailed to exit from the nearest point on the back wall and as low down to the floor as desired.
N.B. skirting boards may influence what is the best exit point for the wire.
|Lighting in Attic or Mansard Type Rooms||
For a flat roof house we would recommend the use of wall lights
A sloped roof can accommodate ceiling lights. It is always best to use lights on a chain because the chain is not affected by the slope of the roof and therefore the light will hang correctly. A fixed light will poke out at an angle. Drill your hole out onto the back of the roof and then make a groove down the roof for your wire to lay in. Your roofing material will then hide the wire neatly.
|Selection of Transformer||
To power your lights you will need a transformer and you should get this before you install any lights (this will allow you to test individual lights before installing them).
Always remember the number of bulbs and not the number of lights determines the transformer power required.
The normal rule of thumb is as follows:
|1 amp||1 to 18|
1 to 36
You should bear in mind that a 6 room house with a single tulip lamp in each room adds up to 6 bulbs (and will only require a 1 amp transformer) however a 5 arm chandelier in each room totals 30 bulbs and therefore requires a transformer rated at 2 amps. Adding Glowell fires and possibly Xmas tree lights further increases the demand on the transformer. If you use a 2 amp transformer you should use 2 powerstrips and balance the bulb load evenly over the two. Clearly for a standard 6 room house with average lighting, a 1 or 2 amp transformer will be sufficient, however if further capacity is required, please call one of our shops and we can advise you.
Now that the route has been prepared and the equipment bought you can install your light(s).
Most lights come with a 24inch (60cms) length of wire with a plug attached. The first step is to remove the plug, which can be done quite easily. Simply pull out the 2 pins with a pair of tweezers or small pliers. Do not pull the pins out with your teeth - as dental bills can greatly increase the cost of your lighting. Then, holding the plug, pull gently on the wire - this will remove the plug. You can now feed the wire through the holes (in the ceiling and rear wall) and if necessary lay it in the groove.
Once you have the wire routed through to the back of your house you can now refit the plug. This is done by first feeding the twin wire through the central hole in the plug. Then one wire is placed into each of the two holes on the other side of the plug - first ensuring that the end of the wire is bared to ensure a good contact. Push the brass pins back - one in each hole.
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